Movies, commonly known as films or motion pictures, are series of images run through a projector and shown on a screen in a cinema. Here's how the filmmaking process works:
- A studio creates ideas for the upcoming film and/or buys the rights for other people's ideas.
- The screenplay for that upcoming film is written.
- Preparations for the film are made, such as hiring cast and crew members, selecting the locations for the film, and building the sets.
- Raw elements of the film are recorded.
- The studio will then edit the recorded parts of the film, and include special effects if necessary.
- Sound effects and the score (music you hear) are added.
- When the film is finished, it will be shown in cinemas, air on television, or get released directly to home video.
Usually during steps 5-6 of the filmmaking process, the public will get to see posters and theatrical trailers advertising the film as a coming attraction. Such advertisements appear about 2-4 months before the film is released. Sometimes, a film can also have a teaser version of those things, which often appear around one year before the film's release date.
The Silent Era (1894-1929)
Before the 1930s, many films released in cinemas back then were silent films, most of them also in black and white, while all others were in Sepia Tone. Films like these would just have music playing in the background, and the characters' voices cannot be heard. However, after the character is finished speaking, his/her dialogue may appear as a title card.
Some notable silent films include Ben-Hur (1925), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923), and The Wizard of Oz (1925).
The Sound Era (1929-1950s)
During this era, all films were still presented in a 4:3 aspect ratio and with monaural sound, but now contained hearable dialogue from the characters, thus removing the dialogue's title cards. Within this era, Walt Disney's first feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, released on December 21, 1937, became a huge success, and Disney made more films since then.
CinemaScope Era (1953-1967)
Created by 20th Century Fox, the CinemaScope format, allowed films to have an image aspect ratio of up to 2.66:1. One example is Ben-Hur (1959), which was actually made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios.
Simultaneously, a "Golden Age" for films outside of North America began, mostly in Asian countries.
First Hollywood Era (1968-1984)
In this era, films gradually began to contain more explicit content, such as violence, sex, nudity, language, etc., and at that time, a rating system was established by the Motion Picture Association of America. Some films also began moving the credits from the beginning to the end of themselves, thus renaming them as "end credits".
Second Hollywood era (1985-Present)
During this era, newer films were released with stereophonic or Dolby Surround sound, and on few occasions, older films were re-released in theaters with remastered video and audio. When the 2000s decade began, select films were upgraded into IMAX format, then later to 3D. Until 1989, films designed for family audiences were almost always rated G by the MPAA, when by then, PG-rated movies also gained popularity for families, and due to that rise, since 2009, only one or no G rated films were released in theaters.
- Hop (April 1, 2011)
- Kung Fu Panda 2 (May 26, 2011)
- Cars 2 (June 24, 2011)
- Happy Feet 2 (November 18, 2011)
- The Lorax (March 2, 2012)
- Ice Age: Continental Drift (July 13, 2012)
- The Guardians of Childhood (Rise of the Guardians) (November 21, 2012)
These already-announced films had different release dates:
- Rio (April 8, 2011)
- The Smurfs (August 3, 2011)
- Puss in Boots: The Story of an Ogre Killer (November 4, 2011)
- Hotel Transylvania (February 17, 2012)
- The Croods (March 30, 2012)
- Madagascar 3 (May 18, 2012)
- Brave (June 15, 2012)
These films under development back then had no specific release date yet:
- Monsters, Inc. 2 (Monsters University) (2012)
- Reboot Ralph (Wreck-It Ralph) (2013)
- How to Train Your Dragon 2 (2013)
- The Leaf Men and the Brave Good Bugs (Epic)
- Despicable Me 2
- The Lego Movie
During Season 1 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred:
- Rio was delayed by one week to its final release date of April 15, 2011.
- The Smurfs was moved up to its final release date of July 29, 2011.
- Madagascar 3, later retitled Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted, was delayed to its final release date of June 8, 2012.
- Brave was delayed by one week to its final release date of June 22, 2012.
- The Croods was delayed to its final release date of March 22, 2013.
- Monsters, Inc. 2 was retitled as Monsters University, and was delayed to June 21, 2013, while Reboot Ralph occupied its original November 2, 2012 release date. Both dates were confirmed final.
- Puss in Boots: The Story of an Ogre Killer was retitled to just Puss in Boots.
- Hotel Transylvania was delayed to September 21, 2012.
- Despicable Me 2 was set for a 2013 release.
- The Leaf Men and the Brave Good Bugs was retitled The Legend of the Leaf Men.
- More films were announced:
- Arthur Christmas (November 23, 2011)
- The Pirates! Band of Misfits (March 30, 2012)
- Turbo (June 7, 2013)
- Mr. Peabody & Sherman (March 21, 2014)
- How to Train Your Dragon 2 (June 20, 2014)
- Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2
- The Story of Ferdinand (Ferdinand)
After Season 1 ended on May 6, 2011 but before Season 2 premiered on September 17, the following events occurred:
- Despicable Me 2 was given a final release date of July 3, 2013.
- Turbo was delayed to its final release date of July 17, 2013.
- The Legend of the Leaf Men, now retitled to just Leaf Men, was given a release date of May 17, 2013.
- Sony Pictures Animation unveiled The Smurfs 2, with an original release date of August 2, 2013.
- Disney unveiled two Pixar films: one about dinosaurs (The Good Dinosaur), slated for a November 27, 2013 release; and one about the inside of the human mind (Inside Out), slated for a May 30, 2014 release.
- A Madagascar Penguins film (Penguins of Madagascar) was in development.
During Season 2 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred:
- Puss in Boots was released in theaters on October 28, 2011, one week before its original release date.
- The Pirates! Band of Misfits was delayed to its final release date of April 27, 2012.
- Hotel Transylvania was delayed by one week to its final release date of September 28, 2012.
- Leaf Men was delayed by one week to its final release date of May 24, 2013.
- The Smurfs 2 was moved up two days to its final release date of July 31, 2013.
- Disney unveiled Frozen, with a final release date of November 27, 2013, deconfirming Pixar's film about dinosaurs.
- Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2, briefly titled Cloudy 2: Revenge of the Leftovers, was given a release date of February 7, 2014.
- Mr. Peabody & Sherman was moved up one week to March 14, 2014.
- Blue Sky Studios unveiled Rio 2, for a 2014 release.
- Warner Bros. confirmed The Lego Movie for a 2014 release.
After Season 2 ended on April 21, 2012 but before Season 3 premiered on November 10, the following events occurred:
- Mr. Peabody & Sherman was moved up to November 1, 2013.
- The Good Dinosaur was re-scheduled for May 30, 2014, while Inside Out was delayed to its final release date of June 19, 2015.
- A Despicable Me "Minion" spin-off film was unveiled, with an original release date of December 19, 2014.
- Disney announced a November 7, 2014 release date for one of its then-upcoming films, as well as two more Pixar movies: one about la Día de los Muertos (Coco) for 2015, and a Finding Nemo sequel for 2016. Big Hero 6 was also unveiled, but no confirmed release date was announced for it yet.
- DreamWorks Animation officially unveiled Happy Smekday! with a release date of November 26 2014, The Penguins of Madagascar with a release date of March 27, 2015, Trolls for June 5, 2015, Kung Fu Panda 3 for March 18, 2016, and How to Train Your Dragon 3 for June 18, 2016.
- Upon the founding of Paramount Animation, a sequel to The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie was in development, with a planned release of 2014.
During Season 3 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred:
- All of DreamWorks Animation's then-upcoming films were officially sold to 20th Century Fox, except Rise of the Guardians.
- A release date of November 25, 2015 was announced for one of Disney's then-upcoming films, and their film about la Día de los Muertos was re-scheduled for 2016.
After Season 3 ended on February 16, 2013 but before the launch of Equestria Girls on June 16, the following events occurred:
- Release dates of more of Disney's films were confirmed as March 4, 2016, November 23, 2016, March 9, 2018 and November 21, 2018.
- The Finding Nemo sequel, given an official title of Finding Dory, was moved up to November 25, 2015, while the film about la Día de los Muertos was scheduled for June 17, 2016.
- An Annie film was in development from Sony Pictures.
After the premiere of My Little Pony: Equestria Girls but before the premiere of Season 4 on November 23, the following events occurred:
- Big Hero 6 officially occupied the November 7, 2014 release date, which was confirmed final.
- The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie 2 was delayed to February 13, 2015.
- Monster Trucks was announced for a May 29, 2015 release.
- The Good Dinosaur was delayed to November 25, 2015, while Finding Dory was delayed to June 17, 2016, deconfirming the film about la 'Día de los Muertos. Both release dates for the first two films were confirmed final.
- Disney announced Zootopia for a 2016 release, along with more release dates for other films: June 16, 2017, November 22, 2017, and June 15, 2018.
During Season 4 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred:
- Zootopia officially occupied the March 4, 2016 release date, which was confirmed final.
After Season 4 ended on May 10, 2014 but before the release of the second Equestria Girls film, Rainbow Rocks, the following events occurred:
- The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie 2, now retitled The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water, was moved up to its final release date of February 6, 2015.
After the premiere of My Little Pony: Equestria Girls: Rainbow Rocks on September 27, 2014 but before the premiere of Season 5 on April 4, 2015, the following events occurred:
- Monster Trucks was delayed to December 25, 2015.
- The November 23, 2016 release date was officially occupied by Moana. The date was confirmed final.
- The June 16, 2017 release date was briefly occupied by Toy Story 4, which was just unveiled at that time.
- The November 21, 2018 release date was deconfirmed.
During Season 5 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic (but before the premiere of the third Equestria Girls film, Friendship Games), the following events occurred:
- Monster Trucks was delayed further to March 18, 2016.
- Pixar's film about la Día de los Muertos, now titled Coco, officially occupied the November 22, 2017 release date. Also now in development was a Wreck-It Ralph sequel.
- Monster Trucks was delayed yet again to January 13, 2017, while an animated film titled The Little Prince took its former release date.
- Gnomeo & Juliet: Sherlock Gnomes was announced for January 12, 2018, and Amusement Park (Wonder Park) was scheduled for March 22, 2019.
- Toy Story 4 was delayed to June 15, 2018, and a third Cars film, Cars 3, took its June 16, 2017 release date, which was confirmed final. Meanwhile, a sequel of The Incredibles was scheduled for June 21, 2019.
After Season 5 ended on November 28, 2015 but before Season 6 premiered on March 26, 2016, the following events occurred:
- The Little Prince was entirely canceled prior to its scheduled release.
During Season 6 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred:
- The Wreck-It Ralph sequel film took the March 9, 2018 release date.
- The Incredibles 2 and Toy Story 4 switched release dates, meaning that Toy Story 4 has now been delayed twice.
- Amusement Park was moved up to August 10, 2018.
During Season 7 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred:
- Gnomeo & Juliet: Sherlock Gnomes, later retitled to just Sherlock Gnomes, was delayed to March 23, 2018, while Amusement Park was delayed back very close to its original release date: March 15, 2019. Both were confirmed final.
- Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph 2 was delayed to November 21, 2018. This release date has now been confirmed final.
During Season 8 of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, the following events occurred: